Summary of BCC (Basal Cell Carcinoma)

Summary of BCC (Basal Cell Carcinoma) Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of skin cancer, known for its slow growth and high treatability when detected early. It arises from the basal cells, located in the deepest layer of the epidermis. Understanding BCC, its risks, symptoms, and treatment options is crucial for prevention […]

Jan 25, 2023

bcc

Summary of BCC (Basal Cell Carcinoma)

Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of skin cancer, known for its slow growth and high treatability when detected early. It arises from the basal cells, located in the deepest layer of the epidermis. Understanding BCC, its risks, symptoms, and treatment options is crucial for prevention and early intervention.

Understanding BCC

What is Basal Cell Carcinoma?

BCC typically appears on sun-exposed areas of the skin, such as the face, neck, and arms, presenting as a shiny, pearly bump, a flat, scar-like lesion, or an open sore that doesn’t heal. While BCC is rarely fatal, it can cause significant disfigurement by invading surrounding tissues if left untreated.

Causes and Risk Factors

Who is at Risk?

Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds significantly increases the risk of developing BCC. Other risk factors include fair skin, a history of sunburns, a personal or family history of skin cancer, and exposure to certain chemicals.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Recognizing BCC

Early signs of BCC may include a change in the skin, such as a growth or sore that doesn’t heal. These lesions may itch, bleed, or remain open for weeks. A diagnosis is confirmed through a biopsy, where a small sample of the suspicious skin is removed and examined under a microscope.

Treatment Options

Addressing BCC

Treatment for BCC depends on its size, depth, and location. Options may include surgical excision, Mohs surgery (a precise technique to remove the cancer layer by layer), cryotherapy (freezing), topical treatments, or radiation therapy. Early detection and treatment are key to preventing the spread and ensuring a high success rate.

Prevention and Care

Protecting Your Skin

Preventative measures include minimizing sun exposure, especially during peak hours, wearing protective clothing, and applying broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher. Regular skin checks by a healthcare professional and self-examinations are encouraged to detect any changes early.

Conclusion

Basal Cell Carcinoma is a highly treatable form of skin cancer when identified early. Awareness of the risk factors, recognizing the symptoms, and taking preventative measures can significantly reduce the risk of BCC. Anyone noticing changes in their skin or having risk factors for skin cancer should consult a healthcare professional for evaluation and possible biopsy. Early intervention is the key to effective treatment and minimizing the risk of complications.

Related Posts

Address

The Avenue Private Hospital
42 The Avenue
Windsor
Melbourne
3181

Contact

Contact Number: (03) 7067 9688
Fax Number: (03) 7046 6822
Secure messaging for health professionals:
Healthlink EDI: drfotios

hours

Monday - Friday 9am - 6pm

social media

Copyright © Dr Foti Sofiadellis